Let’s be honest, fresh air is underrated. Many people underrate the need to have fresh air at home. You don’t want to come back home from the city and find that their air is just the same. You want to get home and feel a change in the freshness of the air you breathe, and that’s why you need to install an air purifier for smoke.
Even though you can barely see, the air is filled with a lot of pollutants that often cause allergies and other air-related infections. That’s why you should strive to have a device that purifies air in your home.
Fortunately, you don’t have to dig deep into your pocket as you can get the best air purifier for smoke under $100. Gone are the days when only rich people could manage to get an air purifier.
Nowadays, you can get great models under $100, and in this guide, we will review the top 10 best air purifiers you can get in less than $100.
In addition to reviews, we also provide important information that can help you choose the right model for your home.
Before we review the top-rated models, here are quick tips to help you pick the right one.
- 1 Quick Tips for Choosing the Best Air Purifier for Home
- 2 Quick Look: Top10 Best Air Purifier for Smoke Under $100
- 3 Top10 Best Air Purifier for Smoke Under $100 Reviews & Buyer's Guide!
- 4 HAMILTON BEACH TRUEAIR 04386A AIR PURIFIER
- 5 PARTU HEPA AIR PURIFIER
- 6 LEVOIT LV-H132 AIR PURIFIER
- 7 GERM GUARDIAN AC4825 AIR PURIFIER
- 8 LEVOIT VISTA 200 AIR PURIFIER FOR HOME ALLERGIES
- 9 LEVOIT CORE 300 TRUE HEPA AIR PURIFIER FOR HOME
- 10 HOKEKI 5-IN-1 AIR PURIFIER FOR LARGE ROOM
- 11 RENPHO AIR PURIFIER
- 12 GENIANI TRUE HEPA ODOR ELIMINATOR
- 13 PARTU AIR PURIFIER
- 14 Buying Guide; Best Air Purifier for Smoke under $100
- 15 Features that an air purifier offers
- 16 And many other features.
- 17 Common Types of Air Purifiers You Can Consider
- 18 FAQ About Best Air Purifier for Smoke under $100
- 19 Final Thoughts?
Quick Tips for Choosing the Best Air Purifier for Home
- Figure out where you intend to place your air purifier so that you don’t end up buying a model that exceeds the available space in your home
- Go for air purifiers that are good at filtering out common pollutants in your home. For example, if you have pets, you may need to go for an air purifier that is effective at removing pet dander. If you normally smoke or have a partner who smokes, go for a model that is effective at removing cigar rete smoke.
- Go for devices that have HEPA filters; these are the best when it comes to indoor air purification
- Remember to look at the noise levels of your air purifier. You don’t want an air purifier that makes a lot of noise in your home
- Check CADR ratings. These shows how effective the filters are to removing specific pollutants
- Skip models with bonus features such as apps as this may compromise on other important features
By keeping these factors in mind, you will find it easier to pick the right model. Let’s now see the top products that made it to our list.
Quick Look: Top10 Best Air Purifier for Smoke Under $100
Top10 Best Air Purifier for Smoke Under $100 Reviews & Buyer's Guide!
HAMILTON BEACH TRUEAIR 04386A AIR PURIFIER
Air purifiers are a significant investment, and finding a quality one at minimal investment can be a hard task. The Hamilton Beach 04386A is an effective yet low price unit, making it worth your consideration if you are looking for an air purifier under $100.
Permanent HEPA filter
The filter of this purifier is a HEPA-grade type, which makes it highly effective in removing smoke particles. The filters are permanent, meaning that they will only require replacement after many years. However, it is essential to clean the filters every month to ensure that the air purifier continues to perform at maximum efficiency. Don’t wet the HEPA filter as doing so causes permanent damage.
The Hamilton TrueAir Ultra Quiet comes in a simple, versatile design. It can be placed in either a horizontal or vertical position, which means that it fits almost everywhere, whether it’s your working space or bedroom.
To place this air purifier in a horizontal position, you will need to remove the base at the bottom and add 4 feet.
The 04386A comes with 3-speed settings. The highest setting is the fastest and loudest, while the lowest setting is the slowest and has the lowest noise level. In general, the Hamilton 04386A has low noise levels even when used at the highest setting. Thus, it doesn’t interfere
with your sleep.
- It comes with permanent filters which save your money in the long-run
- Easy to maintain
- It gives value for the money
- It is not noisy
- Design versatility
- It covers a small surface
- The warranty is too short
- It lacks carbon filters
Tips: An excellent choice for those looking for a simplistic and efficient air purifier.
PARTU HEPA AIR PURIFIER
When looking for an air purifier for a small room, portability is one of the crucial features you must consider. The Partu HEPA is a compact yet functional air purifier for smoke, which can easily be carried around.
Child lock feature
This feature ensures that the settings on your air purifier will not be interfered with should a child play with the device. To activate this feature, hold the lock button down for about 3 seconds.
The air purifier has a 3 step filtration process, which is an impressive feature for such a small, low-budget unit. The method uses a pre-filter for huge particles, a HEPA one for the smaller particles, and activated carbon for absorbing smells. All filters are combined into a single unit, meaning that the replacement of the filters is done at once.
This Partu air purifier doesn’t use ultraviolet light or ionization in its filtration process. The absence of the two makes it safe to use in any household. It is also a very quiet air purifier making it ideal for a bedroom or office space.
It comes with a sponge that you can wet and dampen with essential oils. The sponge is placed beneath the top cap, and as the clean air is being pushed into the surrounding, it carries’ the oils’ aroma with it. The Partu HEPA air purifier is thus not only great for removing cigarette smoke and odor but also for aromatherapy.
- 3 step filtration
- It weighs 3.3 lbs.
- Coverage area: 108 sq. Ft.
- Color: Black
- Aroma Sponge
- Fan Speed: Triple
- Quite quiet
- Ozone free
- It has touch control
- Highly effective in removing odors
- It is only ideal for use in small rooms
Tips: Great choice for those who are looking for the best air purifier for cigarette smoke.
LEVOIT LV-H132 AIR PURIFIER
If you, your family, friends, or neighbors frequently smoke, then it might be prudent for you to find effective ways of removing the smell of cigar and cigarette smoke. LEVOIT is a famous brand when it comes to air purifiers, and their LV-H132 is one of their best smoke purifiers
Premium looking design
The LEVOIT LV-H132 is cylindrical, designed to look like a compact speaker. It comes in quality yet light plastic, which gives it a superior look. The lightweight material and the six ft.-long power cable makes it easily portable. Due to its compact design, you should avoid placing it on the ground.
This air purifier for the budget comes with a 3-stage filtration system. The first stage involves a filter that sieves out large particles such as fur, hair, and fiber. The second filtration stage
uses True HEPA, which obstructs finer particles, e.g., dust, pollen, dust, and smoke particles. Finally, the last filtration stage uses activated carbon that absorbs the smell.
The 3-steps filtration process makes this air purifier excellent in eliminating all types of particles and scents.
The LEVOIT LV-H132 air filter comes fully assembled and needs little to no set-up. It is also easy to use as it comes with a power on/off button, a nightlight on/off switch, a button to alternate the three speeds, and an indicator that lights up once the filter needs to be changed.
- It weighs 6.5 lbs.
- Filter model: HEPA True
- Ideal Coverage area: 100 sq. ft
- Color options: Black or white
- It comes in a lovely design
- Quite affordable
- It uses 3 step filtration
- It is easy to set-up and use
- Only ideal for tiny rooms
Tips: Great for people looking for an aesthetically appealing air purifier for small rooms
GERM GUARDIAN AC4825 AIR PURIFIER
Cigarette and cooking smoke, among other pollutants, interfere with the quality of the air you breathe in your home. Getting an effective purifier can help you solve this problem. The Germ Guardian AC4825 air purifier for home has excellent features that make it an excellent choice
without breaking the bank.
The Germ Guardian AC4825 comes with a 3-year guarantee that assures you of outstanding performance.
The last step in its 3-step cleaning uses ultraviolet light for air filtration. The light destroys the DNA composition of the bacteria, virus, and mold, making them harmless/ inactive. This makes the AC4825 air purifier highly effective in ensuring that the air in your home is free from not only smoke, dust and fibers, but also bacterial, viruses, and molds.
Ease of cleaning
The carbon and pre-filter are washable and easy to clean. On the other hand, the HEPA filter should not be washed with liquids as this causes permanent damage. Instead, it should be replaced once the light lights up, showing that this particular filter is dirty.
Clean Air Delivery Rate (CARD) measures the effectiveness of an air purifier in filtering the air. The Germ Guard AC4825 has a high CARD rating, which means that it is highly effective in cleaning the air in the space of about 160 sq. Ft in less than 20 minutes.
- Coverage area: 168 square feet.
- It weighs 7 pounds
- Comes with a 3-year warranty
- Filter types: Charcoal, HEPA-True
- It has a UV-C light
- Speed settings: Three
- 3-step filtration
- Effectively kills mold, bacteria, and germs present in the air
- The carbon filter can be washed
- Slim, lightweight design
- It has ultraviolet light
- The HEPA filter is not permanent
- Its design is not appealing to the eye
Tips: Great for asthmatic people and those allergic to airborne specks
LEVOIT VISTA 200 AIR PURIFIER FOR HOME ALLERGIES
LEVOIT Vista 200 is one of the best air purifiers for smoke, pets’ hair, and other home allergens in the market today. It has excellent performance, thanks to its features, yet remains affordable
as it costs under $100.
At about 3.3 pounds, the LEVOIT Vista 200 is the lightest and smallest air filter in the under $100 category. Its upper side has a nightlight that may be alternated between 2 different brightness levels or switched off completely.
The first filter, pre-filter, collect large particles such as fur, debris, and dust. The second stage involves the use of the HEPA filter, which grabs finer airborne pollutants such as viruses,
bacteria, pollen, etc. The last filter is activated carbon that effectively removes any scent from the air.
The LEVOIT Vista 200 covers about 160 sq. ft, which makes it ideal for purifying the air in small spaces such as bedrooms, offices, etc. This air purifier might achieve more extensive coverage in rooms with limited airflow as this machine will purify the same air continuously till it
all becomes clear.
The energy consumption of an air purifier is one crucial consideration every air purifier buyer must pay attention to. This is because you are likely to be using this device for long hours, which may have a significant effect on your utility bills. Thankfully, the LEVOIT Vista 200 only
uses 0.5W to switch it on, while the purifiers only consume 0.9W, thanks to the incorporation of a brush-free motor. This significantly lowers energy consumption, thus saving you money.
- Weight: 3.3 pounds
- Warm night light
- 3-Step filtration system
- Color options: White
- Height (inches): 13
- Fan speed settings: 3
- Excellent performance
- It comes in an appealing white cylindrical design
- Lacks a digital sensor
- Its ratings on CARD are quite low
Tips: Ideal choice for those looking for an affordable True HEPA, zero ozone emission air purifier
LEVOIT CORE 300 TRUE HEPA AIR PURIFIER FOR HOME
LEVOIT has become a household brand for continuously coming up with intelligently designed products to deliver quality performance to users. The LEVOIT Core 300 is no exception as it provides the most superior fan speed compared to all air purifiers under $100.
The LEVOIT H13 has more expansion area and a length of 14 inches that is longer than that of other LEVOIT air purifiers. These two features, when combined with the use of three filters; activated carbon, True HEPA, and pre-filter, give this air purifier superior filtration results.
True HEPA filters
One of the 3 LEVOIT Core 300 filters is the True High-Efficiency Particulate Air (HEPA) filter, which delivers excellent performance compared to HEPA-like, HEPA-grade, etc. filters. Authentic HEPA is highly effective in trapping particles as small as 0.3 micrometers. Given that smoke particles are larger than this, then the LEVOIT Core 300 is an effective smoke purifier.
This tech uses interior shock pads that increase the motor’s resistance to wearing out, thus elongating the lifespan of the machine. The pads also absorb noise, making the LEVOIT H13 quiet, hence an excellent choice for use in a bedroom or an infant’s room.
Touch control feature
This air purifier comes with a digital control panel located at the top. The panel features four distinct timers; 2, 4, 6, and 8 hours and the three fan speed settings. The digital panel makes this air purifier quite convenient to use. However, it lacks a sensor to indicate the air quality.
- Height (inches): 14
- 3-steps filtration
- QuietKEAP Tech
- Color: Pure white
- Fan speed settings: Three
- It has superior fan speed for an under $100 air purifier
- It is energy saving
- Attractive design
- Uses True HEPA filters
- It has poor scent filtration
- It lacks a sensor for air quality
Tips: Great for people who need little to no noise air purifiers
HOKEKI 5-IN-1 AIR PURIFIER FOR LARGE ROOM
If you are looking for an air purifier for a large room on a budget, then the Hokeki 5 in 1 is worth your consideration. It is an impressive unit as it features smart features while still costing under $100.
Digital sensor for air quality
This smart sensor detects extreme levels of pollutants in the air in your space and sends you the information to your phone. The Hokeki 5-in-1 displays either a blue, green, orange, or red light
depending on the magnitude of air quality. Blue indicates ideal air quality, while red shows extremely high levels of pollutants.
5-in-1 filtration system
This Hokeki air purifier uses two adjustment modes and three fan speeds all in a single button. This makes the device easy and convenient to use.
The memory function helps the unit remember the last programmed settings even after being switched off. Upon turning on the air purifier, these settings resume. This feature saves you time and energy. To benefit from the memory function, always ensure that the air purifier is plugged in.
The Hokeki 5-in-1 comes with a three-timer function at; 2, 4, and 8 hrs. This allows you to select the duration as to which you would like the air purifier to work.
- 5-in-1 filtration system
- Memory function
- Timer function
- Filter types: True HEPA, pre-filter, activated carbon
- Air quality smart detector and indicator
- 1-year warranty
- Saves energy, thanks to its timer function
- It gives value for money
- It has is convenient and easy to use
- It is highly effective due to the three filters combination
- The purifier must remain plugged into a socket for the memory function
Tips: If you are looking for an air purifier for a large room, this is the air purifier for you
RENPHO AIR PURIFIER
Here is another option for spaces up to 301 square feet. The design is sturdy and durable featuring a four-stage filtration system to deliver the healthiest air in your living room. What makes it unique is you can set it to run in 2, 4, and 8 hours as it comes with a timer. The unit is silent but it might be louder when working at the highest speed.
The Renpho combines a pre-filter for trapping large particles, charcoal filter for dust, and activated carbon filter for odors. This unit effectively removes 99.97% of airborne pollutants with a True HEPA filter. The purifier will let you know when a replacement for the filter is needed using filter light. Renpho suggests replacing them twice a year.
Quiet Sleep Mode
This unit is very quiet and won’t disturb those near you. Just remember to turn on the sleep mode so that it can operate on the quietest level. The quiet sleep mode also dims the lights of the control panel to allow you to have a restful sleep.
3 fan speeds
The Renpho features 3 different speeds to choose from. It as the low, medium and high options as well as the auto mode. When you set the purifier to auto mode, the speeds adjust depending on the quality of the air around.
To know the quality of the air in your surroundings, check the sensor indicator light that changes to blue, orange, and red. Blue shows your hair is healthy, Orange is fair and Red is bad.
- 2 x 5.7 x 17.1 inches
- For rooms up to 301 Sq. Ft.
- 4-layer filtration system
- 3 fan speeds
- Very quiet
- It’s compact and lightweight
- Quality build
- Lacks a remote control
Tips: ideal for small rooms
GENIANI TRUE HEPA ODOR ELIMINATOR
Introducing Geniani Air purifier that is ARE certified and provides optimal performance. This product comes with a True Super HEPA filter to thoroughly clean the air around you. Above all, it is highly efficient and can remove up to 99.97 % of air contaminants, making it ideal for asthmatic individuals.
Are you fond of pets but find trouble eliminating their odor? This machine can trap allergens, neutralize dust, and reduce odor from your pet thanks to the antibacterial effect. It can also kill germs and viruses to provide you with clean air always.
This machine offers a variety of settings to choose from. You can select the slow, medium, or high-speed button to boost the purification process. It also features the nightlight mode that offers you a super calm environment to sleep in just one touch.
120m3 CDR rating
Featuring a CDR rating of 120 cubic meters per hour, the Geniani Mold Eliminator is super keen to remove the mold odor that may cause allergies. The 160 square feet coverage can exhaustively purify a spacious room to avoid breathing complications.
Noise suppression technology
To make it super quiet, this machine is built with advanced technology to reduce noise levels. At 37dB – 50dB for the highest speed setting so it shouldn’t disturb your family and pets. This helps you maintain the peaceful ambiance of your surroundings.
- ARB-Certified HEPA filter technology
- Antibacterial Effect
- Night light function
- 3 fan speeds
- Noise level of 37 Db-50Db
- It is easy to use
- 100% environmental friendly
- Comes with an elegant design
- Offers a powerful filtration system
- It lacks a user manual, but straightforward to use
Tips: Suitable for small rooms
PARTU AIR PURIFIER
The no-ozone air purifier is ideal for smoke, pet hair and dander. It comes in a sleek black housing with dimensions of 17 inches high and a diameter of 9.6 inches. It’s a bit heavy at 6.5 pounds, but it’s probably an effect of packing a plethora of features in such a compact package. Fortunately, it’s much affordable despite the impressive features below.
5-layer filtration system
The best partu air purifier is suitable for removing small particles as small as 0.3 microns. The 5 layers for a 3-part filtration system to trap up to 99.97% particles. The outermost layer is a pre-filter for pet hair, followed by a replaceable HEPA filter to capture the vast majority of mold. The next one is a charcoal filter for harmful fumes and viruses. The fourth is the membrane net that prevents loss of carbon for the charcoal layer. The last layer is a semi-rigid scaffold that keeps inner layers intact
This air purifier has simple controls with stylish display lights on the front. There are 3 fan speeds that are super easy to change by pressing a button. There’s a button to control the power as well and another one to navigate through light options.
The “Anion” button releases a rush of ions into the air without accompanying a health risk. The ions attach to the hair pollutants so that they are attracted to the purifier and ground and not suspended in the air you breathe. There a filter indicator that lets you know when to replace – every 6 months with normal use.
When you open the cup at the top of the unit, you’ll discover a sponge that drops essential oils in the air you breathe. The sponge also enhances air cleaning as the fan pushes clean air through the sponge. This is a handy feature for those who use aromatherapy to find sleep, energy, and calmness.
- Certified Hepa Filters
- 3 fan speeds
- Ultra quiet – 25dB
- Replaceable filter
- It’s extremely quiet
- Lacks the auto mode
Tips: Ideal for small to medium-sized spaces
Buying Guide; Best Air Purifier for Smoke under $100
How do I get to choose the right air purifier for my home? This is a common question many people ask when shopping for the best air purifiers? If you want to know how to buy the best air purifier for your home, you will need to consider several things including;
Size of the air purifier
The majority of the people think that air purifiers are all the same, but it is important to find one that can handle the size of your home or room it is going to be installed. The worst part is to spend your hard-earned money on an air purifier with the hopes that it will clear pollutants in your indoor air, only to find that it doesn’t work as you thought because it is too small,
To ensure you don’t end up buying a model that has less square footage rating than your needs, then you should compare the size of the unit to the square footage rating of your device.
If you see the square footage rating equaling or being greater than your intended size of the room, then it will be a good choice.
To buy an air purifier for one room, measure its length and width, then multiply the numbers to get square footage. For multiple connected rooms, get a sum of their total square footage. After getting the number, you should then check the minimum square footage rating of your preferred unit so that to get one that efficiently cleans the air in your home.
Where to place
It is important to consider the area you intend to place your device. The area depends on the type of air purifier you want. For instance, an air purifier that uses a Carbon filter or HEPA filter relies on its fan to pull contaminated air into the unit and push out fresh air back. Placing the machine under a table, against the wall, or in an area where the fan is blocked will hinder it from performing optimally.
On the other hand, air purifiers that use ionic filtration do not use a fan; they emit ions. This means that they too should not be placed in an area that blocks their opening. The best place for them is near the center of a room.
Features that an air purifier offers
You should also find the features that an air purifier has that are worth extra cost. Some of the common features air cleaners have include
- Pre-filters to capture larger particles such as hair
- Digital controls to enable you to enter precise settings
- Adjustable fan speeds to enable you to control the air cleaning process
- Filter replacement indicators to notify you when the machine needs new filters
- Casters to help make the air purifier portable
- Antimicrobial treatment to prevent re-introduction of germs back into the air in your room
- Nightlight to help you locate the unit at night
- Remote control so that you can control the machine from a distance
And many other features.
Air purifiers require maintenance once in a while. Before you purchase an air purifier for your home, you should make sure you have an idea of how much it will cost you to run efficiently.
Air purifiers with carbon filters or HEPA filter needs regular filter replacement. These filters trap particles inside them and can get clogged to the extent they cannot clean the air.
Your filter life depends on the air quality in your home. When buying an air filter, check to see how often the manufacturer recommends you replace the filters.
If you for ionic air cleaner, you will not have maintenance costs as these machines do not use degradable filters. Some ionizers come with an electrostatic collection filters that collect bigger particles such as air, but fortunately, the filter is reusable and washable.
As we have already mentioned earlier, air purifiers that have carbon filters or HEPA filters use a fan to clear air. This fan draws air into the machine and pushes it via its filters so that the harmful particulates are left on the filters.
The process of drawing in air creates noise. Therefore, you should check the level of noise an air filter creates. Keep in mind that the more air is contaminated, the more the air purifier will work harder, and thus the more noise it will create.
If you don’t want noise, then you can go for ionic air cleaners since these units do not use fans or filters.
Since air purifiers need electrical energy to work, you should check their rate of energy consumptions. Keep in mind that air purifiers run continuously to keep the air in your home clean and purified, and thus you will want a device that is energy efficient.
Most air purifies needs 5-200 watts of power. It is, therefore, important that you go for those with Energy Star rating, to ensure that it is efficient in energy usage.
It is important to check the manufacturer’s warranty to avoid potential problems that may arise with your unit in the long run. Find the parts that the warranty covers and the length of the time this is covered.
An air purifier is not a short-term investment and thus it is not something you don’t want to replace now and then. That’s why you need to have peace of mind that your unit is covered by a sensible warranty.
Common Types of Air Purifiers You Can Consider
There are different types of air purifiers, but here are the five most common;
Air purifiers that use High Efficiency Particulate Air technology to filter contaminants can trap at least 99.97% of all contaminants in the air that are larger than 0.3 microns. Human eyes can only see particles exceeding 10 microns in size; therefore, contaminants caught in HEPA filters, such as bacteria, viruses, and chemicals are not visible.
Because of their ability to trap bacteria and mold as well as failure to trap harmful byproducts, these filters help to create fresher air.
The HEPA filter is a fiber-like material that is folded several to create an accordion shape, which means that there will be a randomly arranged to purifier air going through it.
The more times airflow through this filter, the clearer it becomes. HEPA air purifiers are some of the most effective filters at trapping and removing airborne particles. However, they do not remove chemicals, gases, and odors.
Activated carbon filters
Activated carbon filters use a special type of carbon that is extremely porous. It has a large surface area to increase absorption. These filters were used even in ancient times, although they were used to purify water.
These filters comprises of molecular-sized pores that are known to bond with most of the pollutants. Also, it has a high absorbent ability that makes it effective at capturing pollutants, such as gases, chemical emissions, odors, and tobacco smoke.
However, for people who want a filter that is super effective at removing dust, pet dander, and other contaminants that are known to cause allergies, this may not be the best option.
These operate by emitting a charged ions into the air that integrates with airborne contaminants. When they latch onto contaminants, impurities become heavier and thus fall onto nearby surfaces. Some ionic purifiers also remove fallen particles and other ultra-fine particles that are less than 0.01 microns in size.
UV Lights filters
Unlike the above four filters, these filters emit invisible light that takedown pollutants in the air. The UV lights are contained in the air purifier. These air purifiers use the UV-C band, and thus safe for human beings.
FAQ About Best Air Purifier for Smoke under $100
Are air purifiers effective a clearing out smoky air?
The best air purifiers for smoke can help cut down the smoke amounts in a room. Smoke particles can get absorbed into the air purifier. Therefore, if you are in areas where wildfires break out often, you should get the best air purifier for wildfire smoke. Most of the air purifiers on this list can help with reducing smoke build-up at home.
How often should one change the filters?
Well, this depends on the model and type of filters used. The duration can range from 3-8 months. In most cases, a manufacturer will indicate the time it takes to change filters.
Why should I get an air purifier?
Air purifiers offer a great way to clean indoor air, which can be polluted by particles such as dust and pollen. If you often get allergies, have asthma, or in an area that has smoke, then you should get an air purifier. Also, if you have pets at home, it makes sense to invest in an air purifier to remove pet dander and odors.
If you are reading this, congratulations! You have come to the end of our mammoth guide. We have our best to offer all the information you need to choose the best air purifier for smoke under $100.
All the above air purifiers can handle smoke and pet dander in your home. We hope that you have found the right air purifier for your needs.